skip to content

The Production and Reproduction of Social Inequalities:

Global Contexts and Concepts of Labor Exploitation

The research unit “The Production and Reproduction of Social Inequalities” addresses the overarching question of why attempts aimed at increasing equality often have contributed to generating more durable inequalities. As a way of addressing this general question, the research unit focuses on concepts and actors and their roles in producing and reproducing social inequalities in the context of colonial and postcolonial labor systems and regimes of mobility in the Global South. In this study, inequalities are understood as relational and historically embedded and as comprising several dimensions, including social, economic, and epistemic inequality. More specifically, the research unit focuses on selected concepts that are locally grounded and describe forms of social inequalities linked to different types of labor exploitation, namely "native labor", "new slavery", "human trafficking", and "cheap/abundant labor". The members of the research unit investigate - both from a historical and contemporary perspective - how these concepts circulated on a global scale, and were negotiated, translated, and adapted by institutional and individual actors with the aim of challenging social inequalities, while eventually contributing to the production of those same, or new, inequalities. The research unit intends to reconcile debates on conceptual history, labor history, and inequality and combines perspectives from both the Global South and North. Ultimately, it aims to interpret global labor regimes and to draw lessons from experiences for societies in both the Global South and North.

Members of the Research Unit

The Projects of the Research Unit

The research unit entails four projects, headed by the following Principal Investigators (PIs):

This Research Unit is funded by the Volkswagen Foundation.